Solar energy is on the move into the mainstream energy sources. Homeowners across Australia are opting for this cheap source of renewable energy.
However, when picking a solar system there are many things to consider like the type of panel construction, type of system, energy requirements, electricity usage and many more. When looking into residential solar panels there are three main types of panels.
Each of these systems and panels have their own advantages and disadvantages. Let’s look at these types in more detail
Type of Solar Panels
Monocrystalline Solar Panels
This is the most common type of panels for residential purposes. Homeowners tend to prefer mono panels because of their looks and high efficiency. The panels have a simple flat black construction with square shaped solar cells.
They are called mono because each cell has a single silicon wafer with a single silicon crystal. If you want to look into more details as to how single crystal are formed, look into the Czochralski method.
Usually each panel will have around 60 cells although you can find ones with a higher cell count of up to 72.
Apart from their looks another important aspect of Mono Solar panels is their efficiency. Their efficiencies range from around 17 to 22 percent. This high efficiency is all thanks to the single crystals making the flow of electrons easier.
Now one of the major drawbacks to this type of panel is the cost. The manufacturing process of mono cells is quite costly so that coupled with high efficiency and higher power ratings explains the high cost.
No matter the cost always opts for the best because it is an investment. Check for best company in your area. For example if you live in Tasmania look for the best solar panels Tasmania reviews online and decide on the company.
Polycrystalline Solar Panels
This is a type of panel is called multicrystalline panels and is mostly sought upon by homeowners that are strapped for cash.
Poly Solar panels doesn’t look aesthetically nice when compared to mono solar panels. There is no spacing. The construction gives the panels a blue exterior and is usually put off for some owners.
The first step of the manufacturing process is similar to the mono panel process but takes a different path from the second stage. The blue colour of the panel is due to many crystals cooling together. However similar to mono panels, these too have around 60 to 72 cells.
Efficiency is relatively low and is rated around 15 to 17 percent. Low efficiency and an easy to manufacture process make this rather type rather affordable.
Thin Film Solar Panels
Compare to Mono and Poly panels, TF solar panels are completely different. They have a black appearance without cell cut-outs. The thin feature allows the panels to be flexible and lightweight.
More than residential this type of panels is used for industrial purposes.
Since they are used in mass installation, their efficiencies are quite low at around 10 to 13 percent. Since thin film panels are produced in masses the cost of production and hence the price is also lower than both Mono and Poly panels.
These are 3 main types of solar panels in the market today. There are some more types but when you contact a solar professional, they will usually tell you about either Mono or Poly if you’re a homeowner and if you’re looking for an industrial purpose, they will often recommend thin film panels.
Always make sure to check reviews and pick the best company for your investment.